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Guides index

INCORE guide to Internet sources on Restorative Justice

Resources compiled by Niall Whelehan (December 2004)


The aim of this INCORE thematic guide on restorative justice, a philosophy which plays a significant role in the field of conflict resolution, is to provide full-text publications and resources for those interested whether academically or practically in restorative justice and peacebuilding efforts. The practice of truth commissions has not been included due to its unique characteristics.

This guide provides a general introduction to primary documents available for the use of researchers which is followed by secondary information and opinion on specific cases.

Inclusion in this guide does not imply an endorsement by INCORE of the views expressed in any of these sources. If you have a complaint about this guide or believe that we have omitted a relevant source please read our information about the guides before writing to us. You may find that this will answer some of your questions. This includes a warning about the type of information included in the guide, information about our 'criteria for inclusion' in the guides and about our 'updating and additions policy'.

Primary Documents

Restorative Justice Consortium

This site provides:

The Statement of Restorative Justice Principles. Compiled by the Restorative Justice Consortium in March 2002, this document replaces the Standards in Restorative Justice previously published by the Consortium.
Best Practice Guidelines for Resorative Justice Practitioners. Published in March 2004 by the British Home Office.
A useful glossary of terms related to the field

United Nations.
Several documents, declarations, and resolutions relevant for the field of Restorative Justice may be found on the UN website, such as:
The Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power, 1985.
Resolutions and Decisions adopted by the Economic and Social Council at its substantive session of 2002. Agenda 14: Basic Principles on the use of restorative justice programmes in criminal matters.
Development and implementation of mediation and restorative justice measures in criminal justice – Draft Resolution IV

Cooperation of the International Centre for Restorative Justice and Reconciliation and the Prison Fellowship International. The website aims to be a credible and non-partisan source of information on restorative justice. Their website is a valuable source of intergovernmental documents, articles and policy reports for researchers in the field.

US Dept. of Justice
Background essay on the history, principles, guidelines and methodological approaches to restorative justice from the US Dept of Justice:
Report on multicultural dimensions to restorative justice in the United States, its limitations and possible pitfalls.


Restorative Justice International – Framework of Restorative Justice Principles and Applications
Fresno Pacific University is the seat of the Restorative Justice International Organisation of the Centre for Peacemaking and Conflict Studies. The website of the centre provides several resources in the field, in particular their framework of restorative justice, which is designed to provide a resource to public agencies, business and nonprofit organizations, schools and other groups.

Centre for Restorative Justice and Mediation
The Centre is part of the University of Minnesota. It offers various tools and documents for the study of restorative justice, in particular several articles on contemporary issues in the field. A particularly helpful document is the annotated bibliography of empirical studies in the field of restorative justice.

International Institute for Restorative Practices
The International Institute for Restorative Practices (IIRP) is a non-profit organization that provides education, consulting and research in support of the development of restorative practices around the world. It promotes the discussion and publication of definitions, ideas, best practices, theories and standards for restorative practices, and their website library contains some useful documents and research about restorative practices.

Academic Articles

The Online Journal of Peace and Conflict Resolution
Published by the Tabula Rasa Institute, the journal offers articles on restorative justice and related subjects, as well as an extensive archive.

Restorative Justice Signposts
Brief article by Howard Zehr and Harry Mika on what makes justice 'restorative'.

Restorative Justice: A Conceptual Framework
Article by Jennifer J. Llewellyn and Robert Howse, both from the University of Toronto, which aims to clarify and define the various dimensions of restorative justice, which is often used as a catchall phrase to refer to any practice which does not look like the mainstream practice of the administration of justice, particularly in the area of criminal justice

Amnesty for War-Crimes: Defining the Limits of International Recognition
Essay by Yasmin Naqvi of the Red Cross on finding the necessary balance between criminal prosecution of those accused of committing war crimes and the victim's right to justice. In these circumstances, a restorative justice approach incorporating limited amnesties in conjunction with other accountability mechanisms may provide a way to ensure the rule of law while accommodating the sensitivities of the transitional process.

From Restorative Justice to Transformative Justice: Discussion Paper
Article by the Law Commission of Canada that offers an extensive description of operational definitions, principles and the philosophy of restorative justice practice.

Restorative Justice: a Movement of Hope
Article by Jim Consedine, the national coordinator of the New Zealand Restorative Justice Network, on the philosophy of restorative justice.

British Journal of Criminology, 2002, 42.3
This volume of the British Journal of Criminology is entirely devoted to restorative justice. The articles, ranging in topic from restorative justice theory to restorative justice practices in Northern Ireland and South Africa, can be viewed on this website.

Building the Restorative Faith Community: Lessons from Indonesia
Paper presented by Duane Ruth-Heffelbower at the Annual Restorative Justice Conference, Fresno, CA which explores the possibilities of restorative justice in Indonesia.

Restorative Justice in Uganda and Russia
Paper resented by Marian Liebmann at the Restorative and Community Justice: Inspiring the Future Conference in 2001

The Restorative Paradigm: Just Middle-Range Justice
Article by Pedro Scuro on the practical application of restorative justice. His work concentrates largely on Brazil.

Restorative Justice When the System is the Offender
Article by Conrad Moore, exploring the potential of restorative justice in dealing with ethnic minorities in the United States.

Restorative Justive in Ireland

Website of the Northern Ireland Conflict Archive, which provides exhaustive information on the Troubles.

The Northern Ireland Social and Political Archive offers a valuable online research bank.

Northern Ireland Office
Various articles on the justice system in Northern Ireland can be downloaded here, including the article 'Restorative Justice Options for Northern Ireland: a Comparative Review'.

Restorative Justice Network Ireland
The RJIN aims to provide accurate information about the various restorative justice programmes in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland and be an access point for helpful contacts, international and regional research, and information related to restorative justice.

Community Restorative Justice
This site provides an informative introduction to issues and concerns in the field of restorative justice in Northern Ireland.

Community Relations Council
The Council aims to promote the improvement in community relations and the appreciation of cultural diversity in Northern Ireland. The site offers a number of reports on the Northern Ireland conflict as well as an extensive set of useful links to community organisations, government bodies and other organisations.

Department of Justice, Equality and Law Reform - Republic of Ireland
The Government department responsible for the pending Children Bill. Most helpful sections are the Speeches, Press Releases and Publication.

Northern Ireland Association for the Care and Resettlement of Offenders
The NIACRO website is under construction but they may be contacted by telephone on 028 9032 0157 or their address is 169 Ormeau Road, Belfast BT7 ISQ. NIACRO has played a key role in supporting various emerging local restorative justice initiatives, especially the work of Community Restorative Justice Ireland. Have also supported and authored various interesting discussion documents and held conferences.

Transitional Justice Institute, University of Ulster
The recent establishment of the Transitional Justice Institute at the University of Ulster, Northern Ireland provides a physical base from which to develop and attract international scholars and liaise with policy makers in local and international institutions. It also plays a key role in taking legal research in Northern Ireland to the centre of international stages.

Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission
The Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission came into existence on 1 March 1999. The Commission has a full-time Chief Commissioner (Brice Dickson) and five part-time Commissioners. Its role is to promote awareness of the importance of human rights in Northern Ireland, to review existing law and practice and to advise the Secretary of State and the Executive Committee of the Northern Ireland Assembly on what steps need to be taken to insure justice and protect human rights in Northern Ireland.


Violence and Identity in Northern Ireland - A Preliminary Research Report
Report, written by Nils Zurawski of the University of Munster while in residence at INCORE, on violence and identity in Northern Ireland.

Key Themes - Restorative Justice
BBC article on the use of restorative justice as an alternative to punishment beatings and shootings.

Halting Force and Intimidation
Article describing initiatives to end the paramilitary punishment beatings and shootings.

Trainings Courses

Mediation Northern Ireland
The ‘Mediation Network’ evolved in the 1990s as an agency to promote the practice of mediation and train mediators in Northern Ireland. They offer several core courses repeated at intervals throughout the year. In addition, they arrange customised training with a wide variety of statutory agencies, voluntary groups, colleges and businesses. These courses are tailored to meet the specific needs of the group in terms of content and length.

RestorativeJustice.org – Online Training
This online tutorial from restorativejustice.org provides instruction on challenges and obstacles faced, basic strategies, and draft plans for practical application at a local level.

International Restorative Justice Dialogue Training Institute – University of Minnesota
Training for professionals and community volunteers in corrections and victim services. The instructors are leading practitioners in the field and seminars are held on a six-day or three-day basis in June and October.

Conflict Resolution Network, Canada
The Conflict Resolution Network in Waterloo, Ontario provides a comprehensive training service that runs throughout the year. A calendar of specific courses and events may be found on their website or in Interaction Magazine.

Balanced and Restorative Justice Project
BARJ is a non-profit restorative justice training program funded by the United States Office of Juvenile Justice Delinquency Prevention and housed at the Community Justice Institute, Florida Atlantic University, Ft. Lauderdale Florida. BARJ provides training, technical assistance, system leadership development, and community support to those interested in implementing restorative justice initiatives in their agencies or local communities.

Colorado School Mediation Project
The Colorado School Mediation Project (CSMP), founded in 1987, is a regional nonprofit organization with national connections that is dedicated to creating safe and just communities where conflicts are resolved productively. CSMP provide workshops that involve educators, administrators, youth organizations and school communities.

Conflict Research Consortium – Colorado
This website contains a set of materials and outlines of courses designed to help people better deal with difficult, long-lasting, and resolution-resistant conflicts. Some of the materials are theoretical--they discuss the nature of conflicts and conflict processes, and they discuss what conflict theory tells us about ways conflicts can be most constructively approached. Other materials are practical. They discuss typical conflict problems and potential solutions. While the practical material draws upon theory, it is largely based on practical experience and is designed to provide solutions to particular problems.

Institutions / NGOs

Restorative Justice Ireland Network
The RJIN aims to provide accurate information about the various restorative justice programmes in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland and be an access point for helpful contacts, international and regional research, and information related to restorative justice.

African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes
The African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes (ACCORD) is an international civil-society organisation working throughout Africa to bring appropriate African solutions to the challenges posed by conflict on the continent.

Citoyens et Justice: Fédération des associations socio-judiciaires.
French based organization for the dissemination of research and best practice material on restorative justice.

Conciliation Resources
Generally involved in support for community based peace initiatives, sometimes involving training, such as vocational skills training and instruction in the practical application of restorative justice in conflict areas such as Uganda and Kosovo, organisational development and team building, negotiation, mediation and team building (Sierra Leone). [Andy Carl, David Lord, Davin Bremner, Clem McCartney, et al.].

Conflict Resolution Network Canada
CR Network Canada develops, promotes and extends the use of conflict resolution and restorative justice processes such as negotiation, mediation, consensus-building and peacemaking circles. They have built up extensive experience over twenty years in criminal justice settings, international settings, schools, communities and the workplace.

International Institute for Restorative Practices
The International Institute for Restorative Practices (IIRP) is a non-profit organization that provides education, consulting and research in support of the development of restorative practices around the world. It promotes the discussion and publication of definitions, ideas, best practices, theories and standards for restorative practices, publicizing useful research about restorative practices, encouraging and developing education, training and educational resources about restorative practices

Mennonite Central Committee
The Mennonite Central Committee is a relief, service and peace agency of the North American Mennonite and Brethren in Christ churches. The agency offers mediation and restorative justice to offenders.

Responding to Conflict
Responding to Conflict (RTC) is an international, non-profit agency, based in Birmingham (UK). The focus of their work is on strengthening both practice and policy-making, and their aim is to help build action-oriented capacity for conflict transformation and peace-building in the areas where it is most needed.

European Forum for Victim-Offender Mediation and Restorative Justice
The forum is a non-governmental organisation which aims to connect the different European programs and organisations working in the field of restorative justice.

PEACE Foundation Melanesia
PEACE is a non-governmental organisation in Papua New Guinea providing mediation and restorative justice training to local communities and groups in conflict.

International Centre of Transitional Justice
The Centre assists countries pursuing accountability for human rights violations, and is presided by the former Deputy Chair of the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission.

Institute for Justice and Reconciliation - South Africa
The Institute is committed to the promotion of democratic coexistence and transitional justice in South Africa as well as in other African countries.

Restorative Justice Centre Africa
Pretoria based organisation that seeks to promote restorative justice through education and training, providing services, seeking to better understand the meaning of and promote the application of a biblical paradigm of justice, social justice, reconciliation, and healing in society.

World Institute for Non-Violence and Reconciliation
The Institute is a non-profit organisation operating from Tasmania. Its aim is to contribute in an effective way to the reduction of violence in communities and to promote a coordinated and strategic protocol for peacebuilding by non-violent actions.



Disclaimer: © INCORE 2010 Last Updated on Friday, 19-Mar-2010 15:50
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