INCORE guide to Internet sources on conflict in Macedonia
Compiled by Tanaz Khambatta (August 2004)
Inclusion in this guide
does not imply an endorsement by INCORE of the views expressed in any
of these sources. If you have a complaint about this guide or believe
that we have omitted a relevant source please read our information about the guides before writing
to us. You may find that this will answer some of your questions. This
includes a warning about the type of information included in the guide,
information about our 'criteria for inclusion' in the guides and about
our 'updating and additions policy'.
Perry- Castañeda Library Map Collection at the University of Texas—Maps of Macedonia and the surrounding regions
The collection includes general and detailed maps of Macedonia, maps of the former Yugoslavia, and links to maps of the surrounding areas.
ReliefWeb - The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
A project of the United Nations Department of Humanitarian Affairs (UNDHA). Website provides a compilation of useful maps from different sources (listed below each map heading). Provides links to general and situational maps of Macedonia and the surrounding regions (e.g. location of refugees and displaced people), as well as a Balkans interactive map.
UN Systems Website-- Map of Macedonia
Provides a fairly detailed map of Albania - can only be viewed as a PDF file.
News Sources - Email Lists
ABYZ News Links--Macedonia
A useful source that provides links to several different types of news organizations broadly categorized into national, local, and foreign newspapers and news media. The website also lists the language that the media is published in.
BBC News-Country Profile: Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Provides a general country profile, as well an overview of politics, government, and media in Macedonia. The website also has useful links to a timeline/chronology of key events in Macedonia, a Yugoslavia history file, and other language, press, television, radio, and news agency sites. The link to “Timeline: FYR Macedonia” is particularly interesting.
Please note that this page was last updated in July 2004—a more up-to-date version than the one listed may become available.
EIN News - Macedonia
A useful source that gives daily news from Macedonia and the surrounding area. Website provides a compilation of articles from various sources listed chronologically by date. The site also has an archive, as well as links to articles from specific sectors. These include: business and economy, government and politics, industry, and miscellaneous.
* Please note that some links lead to websites which require registration to access articles.
Provides news about Macedonia in the English language. Click on the ‘Politics,’ ‘Economy,’ ‘Culture,’ or ‘Other’ tabs at the top of the page to view articles relating to those specific categories.
An institute that focuses on compiling “resources for the studies of communist countries and religious affairs.” The website provides links from a variety of news sources to many recent articles relating to Macedonia and the Balkans at large.
Macedonian Information Agency (MIA)
State-run agency that provides English language news primarily about Macedonia.
State-operated radio station. To listen to live radio broadcast, click on the ‘Live’ link at the right of the screen—please note, you will need RealPlayer or a similar program to listen to the broadcast.
Provides a compilation of news articles and working/position papers, documents, and reports from many international sources and organizations. Please note that some of these are not in the English language. To limit the search by language or topic, go to the light green box at the top of the page. There is also a country guide page, detailing the history, political situation, economy, and human development of Macedonia. To receive the Southeast Europe (SEE) Newsletter, go to the subscription page and type your e-mail address and name in the boxes, then create a password.
Provides links to the main newspapers and agencies which provide news from countries all over the world, including Macedonia. Please note that the sources are in the Macedonian language only.
Public International Law and Policy Group-Balkan Watch
Balkan Watch is a twice-monthly publication, prepared by the Post-Conflict Political Development Practice of the Public International Law & Policy Group, which details and analyzes the various current events and conflicts in the Balkans region, including Macedonia.
For a free subscription, please send an e-mail to email@example.com with the following subject line, SUBSCRIBE BALKANWATCH.
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL)-Balkan Report
Provides a weekly review of politics, media, and Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty broadcasts in the Western Balkans. Also has an archive of recent newscasts relating to Western Balkan countries and regions.
*Please note that you can receive a weekly e-mail of RFE/RL Balkan Report. Just go to the webpage and type your e-mail in the “subscribe” box.
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL)-Southeastern Europe Newsline
Supplies up-to-date news from Southeastern Europe. The newsline also regularly provides features, analyses and special reports, some of which are relevant to Macedonia. To find articles relating to Macedonia throughout the entire website, click on the search form link on the right side of the webpage.
*Please note that you can receive a weekly e-mail of RFE/RL Newsline. Just go to the webpage and type your e-mail in the “subscribe” box.
Transitions Online (TOL), Southeastern Europe - Macedonia
Provides a compilation of articles, commentaries, academic papers, etc. from across pertaining to Serbia and Macedonia and Southeastern Europe.
*Please note that you must have a paid subscription to view many of the reports.
National and Local Governmental Institutions and Agencies
Makfax News Agency
Provides daily news from around the Balkans in both the Macedonian and English languages.
Government of the Republic of Macedonia
Has English language section
Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia
Provides bulletins, reports, and announcements of the Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia. Website also has a diagram of the break-down of the service of the Assembly.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Macedonia
Provides much useful information on the work of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Website has links to press releases and conferences, briefings, and other basic documents. Also has many links to other Macedonian government agencies as well as external international and governmental organizations. Please note that some of the links are in the Macedonian language only.
National Bank of the Republic of Macedonia (NBRM)
Provides general information about the NBRM as well as links to exchange rates, statistics and regulations, research and publications, and much more. Please note that many of the links are in the Macedonian language only.
External Governmental Institutions and Agencies
European Union (EU)-Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe (SCSP)
The Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe was adopted in 1999. More than 40 partner countries and organizations agreed to work to “foster peace, democracy, respect for human rights and economic prosperity,” which would eventually lead to regional stability. The website offers background and constituent documents of the Stability Pact, as well as links to various “Working Tables” of different regional initiatives. There are also links to press releases.
Foreign and Commonwealth Office of the United Kingdom (FCO UK)-Country Profile, Macedonia
Provides very general information on Macedonia including: basic geography, short history, recent political developments, the economy, and international relations. Also has a link for travel advice.Information sheets are updated and issued regularly throughout the year.
U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID-Macedonia
Provides general information about Macedonia as well as the Agency’s work in various sectors including: economic growth, democratic institutions, education, and other special initiatives.
U.S. Department of State, Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs-Former Yugoslav Republic of) Macedonia
Provides recent highlights from the area as well as links to general background notes about Macedonia from sources such as the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) World Factbook and the U.S. Department of State Consular Information Sheets. The latter is particularly relevant to persons wanting to travel to Macedonia. To receive up-to-date travel advisories, send an e-mail containing the word 'subscribe' to:firstname.lastname@example.org
The website also provides country information in the form of remarks, fact sheets, and quick links to major reports. The major reports link leads to annual Human Rights Reports and Religious Freedom Reports. Please note that Human Rights Reports and Religious Freedom Reports are updated annually, consequently, a newer version than the one listed may become available.
International Multilateral Organisations (IOs)
European Union (EU) External Relations-former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Provides a brief overview of the main objectives of EU assistance in Macedonia as well as the main areas of ongoing support. The website has links to the EC Country Strategy Paper 2002-06, to the Stabilization and Association Agreement, to the Stabilization and Association Report 2004, and to other useful links related to Macedonia. Please note that some of these reports may become updated.
United Nations Preventive Deployment Force (UNPREDEP)
Provides links to detailed information on the background of the mission, the mission profile, and recent developments.
*Please note that at present the links to the UNPREDEP deployment map and the map of current UN peacekeeping operations does not function.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization’s (NATO) Role in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Provides information and links on the various NATO missions that have been involved in Macedonia—these include Operation Allied Harmony, Operation Amber Fox, and Operation “Essential Harvest.”
Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) Spillover Monitor Mission to Skopje
Provides information about OSCE activities, including: confidence-building; media development; police development; public administration; and rule of law. Also has links to statements, reports, and newsletters relating to the OSCE’s work in Macedonia.
United Nations (UN)-Macedonia
Provides a listing as well as links to all of the UN organizations operating in Macedonia. Website also gives recent news about Macedonia, and has links to the UN system, publications, and upcoming events.
International Financial Institutions (IFIs)
International Monetary Fund (IMF)-(Former Yugoslav Republic of) Macedonia
A useful source that provides detailed information about the country’s financial position within the Fund as well as the work of the organization in Macedonia.
The World Bank Group-Macedonia
Provides a brief overview of the World Bank’s mission in Macedonia. Website has links to: News and Events; Data and Statistics; Publications and Reports; Development Topics; Projects and Programs; Public Information Center; NGOs and Civil Society; and much more.
International Non-Governmental Organisation (INGOs), Research Institutes, Non-State Actors
Amnesty International (AI)-Macedonia
The website gives the AI 2004 Human Rights Report for Macedonia. There are also links to AI’s human rights agenda, the organization’s activities, and a report guide. The library link at the bottom of the page provides numerous articles relating to current and past political and social events and activities in Macedonia.
* Please note that the AI Human Rights Reports are updated annually, consequently, a newer version than the one listed may become available.
European Centre for Minority Issues (ECMI)—ECMI NGO Network for the Improvement of Interethnic Relations in Macedonia
ECMI is an NGO focused on majority-minority relations in the wider Europe. Although the Centre is based out of Germany, it has a project centre in Macedonia. The website provides links to its major projects, as well as links to other network information. The publications links are particularly useful.
European Stability Initiative (ESI)-Macedonia
ESI’s research and analysis unit provides recommendation on complex situations across the Balkans. Website has an archive of past reports on different social, political, and economic issues relating to Macedonia
Freedom House-Freedom In the World Report 2003, Macedonia
The report provides valuable information on political rights and civil liberties in Macedonia. Also has an archive of reports from previous years. The Resources link under Research and Publications provides links to organizations working on political rights and civil liberties issues.
*Please note that these reports are updated annually, consequently, a newer version than the one listed may become available.
Human Rights Watch, (Former Yugoslav Republic of) Macedonia
Provides numerous articles relating to current and past political and social events and activities in Macedonia. Website also has links to annual overviews of human rights developments dating back to 1993.
International Crisis Group (ICG)-Macedonia
Although ICG does not have an independent project in Macedonia, the organization continues to watch briefs from the area. The website has links to several useful articles particularly focused on implementation of the Ohrid Agreement, corruption, the uncertain status of Kosovo, and recognition of the Macedonian identity.
Public International Law and Policy Group (PILPG)-Balkan Program, Macedonia Project
PILPG has done much work on the controversy surrounding use of the name 'Macedonia'. The website provides a brief summary of this work. PILPP has also developed Balkan Watch, an online new source that details and analyzes the various current events and conflicts in the region. To view current and past reports, click on the “Balkan Watch Archives” link.
SIL International Ethnologue, Macedonia
Provides information about the various languages/dialects spoken in Macedonia.
University of Maryland, Center for International Development and Conflict Management—Minorities at Risk (MAR), Minority Group Assessment for Post-Communist States
MAR tracks “politically-active ethnic groups throughout the world, identifying where they are, what they do, and what happens to them.” The “Minority Group Assessment for Post-Communist States” details all Balkan countries, including Macedonia. Click on group name or group type to get more detailed information.
Local Non-Governmental Organisation (NGOs), Civil Society Organisations, Research Institutes, Non-State Actors
Citizen’s Association MOST
A civic association dedicated to promoting “responsive” Macedonian governmental institutions through citizens education and involvement in democratic processes and transparency of government through activities such as election monitoring. The website provides fairly detailed information about the organization’s work, as well as links to official governmental pages (e.g. Official Election’s page). Currently, MOST is preparing a directory of civic organizations working for the development of democracy in Macedonia.
Articles, Papers, Reports, Agreements
Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia
The Constitution was adopted on November 17, 1991, two months after Macedonia gained its independence from the former Yugoslavia. Note that the provisions for minority rights can be found under Article 48 of the Constitution.
Ohrid Framework Agreement
The Ohrid Framework Agreement, signed in Skope in August 2001, was drafted to end the six-month armed confrontation between the Albanian paramilitary
Force, the National Liberation Army (NLA), and the Macedonian state. The Framework emphasizes mutual respect of the ethnic identity and interests of all Macedonian citizens.
http://www.coe.int ........ (482)
Multi-ethnicity or Bi-Nationalism? The Framework Agreement and the Future of the Macedonian State
Written in 2002, the paper addresses the “deficiencies” of the Ohrid Agreement, which coupled with organized crime and the unresolved status over Kosovo, have created obstacles to peace and stability in Macedonia—can only be viewed as a PDF file.
“Macedonia: Make or Break”
Provides an overview of the stability of Macedonia over the past year (2003-2004). The briefing covers issues such as: the Presidential Election; Spillover of Violence from Kosovo; Decentralization; Unemployment and the Rule of Law; Representation; and EU Perspective.
*Please note this report was produced in August 2004, therefore, more recent information may become available.
http://www.icg.org ........ (484)
NATO—“ Charter of Partnership Among Albania, Croatia, Macedonia and USA”
Focuses on the issue of Adriatic NATO enlargement and the potential for membership of Albania, Croatia, and Macedonia. The paper also addresses many issues relating to joint cooperation—can only be viewed as a PDF file.
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)—For the Record 2003: UN Human Rights System, Macedonia
Each event analyzed the role of Albanians throughout the Balkans as it has evolved since the 1999 NATO air campaign. The report, published in 2001, examines the Albanian populations of Serbia, Kosovo, Montenegro, Macedonia, and Albania, and outlines the major issues Albanians faces in each of these areas. The report also discusses the views of the governments and majority populations in Balkans states with large Albanian minorities.
Macedonia: Understanding History, Preventing Future Conflict
USIP Report focuses on the issue of the distinctly different but equally ethnocentric views of ethnic Macedonians and ethnic Albanians in Macedonia towards the armed conflict in 2001. The paper particularly addresses the ethnically segregated education systems, and their effect on reinforcing such ethnocentric views.