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INCORE guide to Internet sources on conflict in Liberia

Compiled by Johanna Karlsson (June 2005)


Inclusion in this guide does not imply an endorsement by INCORE of the views expressed in any of these sources. If you have a complaint about this guide or believe that we have omitted a relevant source please read our information about the guides before writing to us. You may find that this will answer some of your questions. This includes a warning about the type of information included in the guide, information about our 'criteria for inclusion' in the guides and about our 'updating and additions policy'.


UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations - map of UNMIL deployment
The DPKO map shows all UNMIL operations in Liberia. Note that it is a PDF-file.
http://www.un.org/Depts/Cartographic/map/dpko/unmil.pdf (1190)

As a project of OCHA, ReliefWeb has compiled a large collection of maps from various sources which includes country and regional maps, population and refugee movements, and location of refugee camps in Liberia.
http://www.reliefweb.int/mapc/afr_wst/index.html (1191)

Global Security - Liberian Conflict Map
Two maps by Global Security showing refugee movements in Liberia during 2003.
http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/liberia-maps.htm (1192)

The International Red Cross
The ICRC provides maps of Liberia which also show the placement of ICRC operations in the country.
http://www.icrc.org ........ (1193)

Perry-Castaneda Library Map Collection - Maps of Liberia
A University of Texas based site containing maps over the country and city maps of Monrovia.
http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/liberia.html (1194)

News Sources - Email Lists

Africa Confidential
Since it was founded in 1960, this newsletter has followed the activities of political, military and social groups, changes in political power, the roles of armies and armed struggles, and financial and economic development. AC offers the latest news from every African country, including Liberia. Note that a subscription is needed to view the full articles.
http://www.africa-confidential.com/index.aspx?pageid=22&countryid=27 (1195)

Africa News Online
This site provides regularly updated information in the form of news reports, from Africa's leading newspapers, magazines and news agencies on the situation in Liberia.
http://allafrica.com/liberia/ (1196)

Analyst Liberia
Published by the Liberian Analyst Corporation, the Analyst provides daily news on the situation in Liberia as well as news concerning displaced Liberians in refugee camps.
http://www.analystliberia.com/ (1197)

BBC News: Africa
This site provides the very latest news from Africa. BBC also provides a Liberian country guide, consisting of an overview, some political facts, and a section on media.
http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/default.stm (1198)

EIN News: Liberia Breaking News
EIN is a service for global professionals which derives its content from monitoring over 4,000 different online sources. EIN provides daily news from Liberia, with a section on Liberia in the African Union.
http://www.einnews.com/liberia/ (1199)

As a part of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), IRIN News provides the latest news, special reports, and focuses and interviews from Liberia.
http://www.irinnews.org ........ (1200)

Liberia Life
Liberia Life, a branch of the World News Network, reports posts news from BBC News, the Star, East African Standard and other newspapers. The site also links to several other news agencies on the continent.
http://www.liberianews.com/ (1201)

This forum posts news, UN releases, reports and information on Liberia's history and elections. It also has a discussion forum where participants can discuss current affairs.
http://www.liberianforum.com/ (1202)

Reuters AlertNet
This news network offers up-to-date information about humanitarian crises around the world, aimed at relief professionals as well as at a wider public. In addition to current news, this page contains information about Liberia's human development indicators, military statistics etc.
http://www.alertnet.org/thefacts/countryprofiles/218285.htm (1203)

National and Local Governmental Institutions and Agencies

Liberian Embassy
The site of the Liberian Embassy in Washington D.C. provides an interesting insight into the country, including information on business/economy and government/politics.
http://www.embassyofliberia.org/ (1204)

LiberianForum.com: Cabinet members in Liberia
This site presents a list of the Liberian cabinet members and ambassadors.
http://www.liberianforum.com/cabinet.htm (1205)

The Liberia Refugee, Repatriation and Resettlement Commission (LRRRC)
The LRRRC is the national body responsible for assisting people to return to their homes. It was established in 1993 by the transitional legislature and is made up of the Executive Director (and staff), with representatives from the ministries of internal affairs, planning, foreign affairs, and justice (police and immigration branches). UNHCR has observer status on the commission.
Address: 9 Street Sinkor, Monrovia, Liberia
Phone number: (231) 33-0534

ReliefWeb: the National Transitional Government of Liberia (NTGL)
This non-official website contains the results focused framework for Liberia's transitional government, revised in April 2005.
http://www.reliefweb.int/library/documents/2005/ntgl-lib-30apr.pdf (1207)

External Governmental Institutions and Agencies

US CIA World Factbook
The Central Intelligence Agency is particularly useful for background information on government and politics in Liberia.
http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/li.html (1208)

Federal Government of Nigeria
This is the site of Liberia's neighbouring country Nigeria. Note that this page may be under reconstruction.
http://www.nigeria.gov.ng/ (1209)

Foreign and Commonwealth Office of the United Kingdom (FCO UK)
This site contains information on Liberia's geography, history, politics, economy, international relations, UNMIL and UN sanctions.
http://www.fco.gov.uk ........ (1210)

South African Government
South Africa maintains diplomatic relations with all states in the West African subregion, although the South African Embassies in Abidjan and Dakar are responsible for the country's non-residential relationship with the rest of that region.
http://www.info.gov.za/aboutsa/foreign.htm (1211)

A page supplying details of the USAID development programme in Liberia including information about politics and economy.
http://www.usaid.gov/locations/sub-saharan_africa/countries/liberia/ (1212)

U.S. Department of State
Information on U.S. involvement in Liberia, briefings from the International Reconstruction Conference on Liberia ("an international effort to marshal support for Liberia's transition from conflict to recovery and reconstruction") and press releases.
http://www.state.gov/p/af/ci/li/ (1213)

U.S. Department of State: Consular Information Sheets
This sheet includes information on recent political developments, crimes, safety and security etc., and is updated regularly throughout the year.
http://www.travel.state.gov/travel/cis_pa_tw/cis/cis_950.html (1214)

International Multilateral Organisations (IOs)

African Union (AU)
The African Union was established in 1999 to achieve greater unity and solidarity between the African countries and the peoples of Africa.
http://www.africa-union.org (1215)

Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
ECOWAS is a regional group of 15 West African nations formed in 1975. The page gives an overview of Liberia's involvement in the community.
http://www.sec.ecowas.int/ (1216)

European Union (EU)
This page displays the EU relationships with Liberia. Here, there is a country overview, a country strategy, and information on priorities for co-operation, financial data and major development projects.
http://europa.eu.int ........ (1217)

ReliefWeb (administered by OCHA), aims to serve the information needs of the humanitarian relief community and provide links to reports from the UN, governmental and non-governmental organizations as well as news agencies, regarding the situation in Liberia.
http://www.reliefweb.int/w/rwb.nsf/ByCountry/Liberia (1218)

United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
This site provides some general backgound information to the Liberian conflict as well as a list of UNICEF priorities in the country.
http://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/liberia.html (1219)

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Offers reports on development issues such as poverty eradication, education and the environment in Liberia among other countries.
http://www.lr.undp.org/ (1220)

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
The UNHCR site provides news and general information on Liberia, and also information on its own work in the country. A number of the reports can be downloaded in pdf format.
http://www.unhcr.ch/cgi-bin/texis/vtx/country?iso=lbr (1221)

United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL)
In September 2003, the Security Council adopted resolution 1509. It decided that UNMIL would consist of up to 15,000 United Nations military personnel, including 250 military observers and 160 staff officers, and up to 1,115 civilian police officers. These pages offer information on the mission.
http://www.unmil.org/ (1222)

United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
OCHA Online provides situation reports and press releases on the situation in Liberia and OCHA responses.
http://ochaonline.un.org/webpage.asp?Page=933 (1223)

United Nations Office in Liberia (UNOL)
Since its establishment in 1997 UNOL's mission has been to provide support to the Liberian Government in their efforts to promote national reconciliation, strengthen democratic institutions and peace-building.
http://www.un.org/peace/africa/pdf/Liberia.pdf (1224)

United Nations Security Council: Secretary-General's Reports
This site contains the newest reports from the Secretary-General to the Security Council on political and security issues relevant to UN missions worldwide.
http://www.un.org/Docs/sc/sgrep05.htm (1225)

International Financial Institutions (IFIs)

The African Development Bank Group
The ADB Group is a multinational development bank with 77 member countries, aimed at promoting economic and social development. The site contains information about Liberia's financial situation in different aspects.
http://www.afdb.org/en/country_operations/african_countries/liberia (1226)

The International Monetary Fund (IMF)
This page offers information on Liberia's financial position in the Fund, for example a dept sustainability analysis and a list of the country's transactions.
http://www.imf.org/external/country/LBR/index.htm (1227)

The World Bank
The World Bank is helping to fight poverty and improve the living standards for the people in Liberia. This page provides information about the organization's work in the country.
http://web.worldbank.org ........ (1228)

International Non-Governmental Organisation (INGOs), Research Institutes, Non-State Actors

Amnesty International
This AI page contains an online documentation archive with news, reports and urgent actions from Liberia.

The Carter Center
This site describes the Carter Center's involvement in Liberia, as well as provides some quick facts about the country.
http://www.cartercenter.org ........ (1230)

Friends of Liberia (FOL)
A Washington D.C. based non-profit organization dedicated to helping the nation rebuild institutions, educate children and improve quality of life for all Liberians.
http://www.fol.org/ (1231)

The Global IDP Project
This project by the Norwegian Refugee Council monitors internally displaced people in the world. The Liberian section provides information on causes and background of displacement, physical security, freedom of movement and other useful facts. Additionally, the site lists recent reports, maps and interesting links.
http://www.db.idpproject.org/Sites/idpSurvey.nsf/wCountries/Liberia (1232)

Global Policy Forum (GPF)
GPF is a non-profit organization with consultative status at the UN which offers articles on the conflict, sanctions and Charles Taylor. This site also lists the latest key UN documents on Liberia.
http://www.globalpolicy.org/security/issues/liberindex.htm (1233)

Global Security
Provides a good background description on the conflicts in Liberia ranging from the 1980 coup, the first civil war 1989-1996, the second civil war 1997-2003, to the 2003 post-Taylor cease-fire.
http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/liberia.htm (1234)

Global Witness
This NGO investigates the link between natural resource exploitation and conflict. The organization posts a number of documents concerning Liberia, for example The Usual Suspects (how the Liberian Government supports arms trafficking and mercenary activities in West Africa) and Dangerous Liaisons (the continued relationship between Liberia's natural resources and regional insecurity).
http://www.globalwitness.org/reports/index.php?section=liberia (1235)

Liberian Democracy Initiative (LDI)
An independent non-profit, non-political and non-sectarian organization based in the U.S., working for a better situation in Liberia by building capacity and broadening public awareness.
http://www.tldi.org/index.htm (1237)

Liberian Institute for Peace, Democracy and Good Governance
This U.S-based organization was founded by experts in Liberian issues, both native Liberian and scholars from other nationalities. Their mission is to involve technocrats for the attainment of sustainable peace, democracy and good governance in Liberia. Read more about the organization and how to get in touch with them on this The Perspective site.
http://www.theperspective.org/lipdgg.html (1239)

Partnership Africa Canada (PAC)
PAC is a Canadian NGO working with African NGOs on issues of human rights, human security and sustainable development. This site several documents concerning Liberia.
http://pacweb.org/ (1240)

Search for Common Ground (SFCG)
Since 1982, Search for Common Ground has been working "to transform the way the world deals with conflict - away from adversarial approaches and towards collaborative problem solving." It has several projects and programmes in Liberia, for instance Peace and Reconciliation Workshops.
http://www.sfcg.org/programmes/liberia/programmes_liberia.html (1241)

The Waterside Collaborative
This non-profit corporation was established in 2002 by a group of young Liberians living in the U.S. Their mission is to strengthen and unite the youth of Liberia through projects designed to bring the community closer, promote a sense of civic duty, and rejuvenate national pride.
http://www.watersideco.org/Home.html (1242)

West Africa Network for Peacebuilding (WANEP)
The network was started in 1990 due to the Liberia civil war and the increased need for regional peace intervention force. The purpose was to establish a regional network of peacebuilding initiatives in West Africa. WANEP has several sub-divisions, for instance the Women in Peacebuilding Network (WIPNET), which has programmes in which West African women can play more functional roles in peacebuilding.
http://www.wanep.org (1243)

Local Non-Governmental Organisation (NGOs), Civil Society Organisations, Research Institutes, Non-State Actors

Human Rights Watch
Human Rights Watch reports highlight human rights abuses in Liberia. They also provide information on the role of the international community among other things.
http://hrw.org/doc?t=africa&c=liberi (1236)

International Crisis Group (ICG)
The ICG site provides reports, a detailed history of the country/conflict, articles, speeches, maps and other useful facts
http://www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm?id=1237&l=1 (1238)

Africa Peace Mission
This is an international charity based in Liberia which has been involved in community-based peace projects since 1999. They incorporate teamwork and conflict management workshops including health and development components. Address: c/o Institute for Peace, Health & Development, P.O. Box 1920, Musu apt. St Edward’s Parish, Logan Town, Monrovia, Liberia
Phone number: (231) 22-5953

Center for Democratic Empowerment (CEDE)
CEDE was established in 1994. The Center organises and sponsors training sessions, seminars and conferences on issues related to democracy promotion, peace building, human rights and sustainable development.
Address: 11a Broad Street, Snapper Hill, P.O. Box 10-3679, Monrovia, Liberia. Email below.
Phone number: (231) 22-6959
mailto:cede@libnet.net (1245)

Justice and Peace Commission (JPC)
The JPC is a human rights and peace-initiating branch of the Catholic Church in Liberia founded in 1991. The Commission has been involved in human rights monitoring, reporting, documentation and training, and in legal aid programs. Email below.
Address: c/o Carter Center Office, Box 10-3679, Monrovia, Liberia
Phone number: (231) 22-7657
mailto:jpc@liberia.net, (1246)

Liberian Women's Initiative (LWI)
LWI is founded by Liberian women with an aim of fostering disarmament, peace and free and fair elections. The organization runs several programmes, including 'Bridges to Peace', a programme aimed at getting informal female leaders in five communities in Monrovia to prevent conflicts by getting people to cooperate.
Address: 11 Broad Street, P.O. Box 1063, Monrovia, Liberia
Phone number: (231) 22-7095

A development NGO founded in 1971 which has focused on getting international assistance to Liberia, help for refugees and displaced persons, reconstruction of social infrastructure, and rehabilitation of former combatants through training, counselling and education.
Address: P. O. Box 1517, Broad Street, Monrovia, Liberia
Phone number: (231) 226944

Articles, Papers, Reports, Agreements

Accord: "The Liberian Peace Process"
An Accord publication dedicated to The Liberian Peace Process 1990-1996. It offers the full texts of the major agreements and a selection of articles which includes, Bringing Peace to Liberia By Max Ahmadu Sesay and Civic Initiatives in the Peace Process By Samuel Kofi Woods, II.
http://www.c-r.org/accord/lib/accord1/index.shtml (1249)

BBC News: Charles Taylor - preacher, warlord and president
This article by BBC World Affairs Correspondent Mark Doyle tells the story of Liberia's former president Charles Taylor - his past and present.
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/2963086.stm (1250)

BBC News: ECOMOG: peacekeeper or participant?
This article by BBC World Affairs Correspondent Mark Doyle tells the story of Liberia's former president Charles Taylor - his past and present.
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/2963086.stm (1251)

CODESRIA: "Democratic Transition in Anglophone West Africa"
This 2003 study by Jibrin Ibrahim analyses democratic transition in the five countries in Anglophone West Africa. Ibrahim discusses the rise of a militarised security state; increase in public corruption; a battle for deepening democracy between civil society and the state; the appropriation of gender politics by the state; and the growing disengagement between elections and political choice. The study also discusses the unacceptable Liberian model.
http://www.codesria.org/Links/Publications/monographs/Ibrahim.pdf (1252)

Conciliation Resources (CR): Key actors in the Liberian conflict
A comprehensive list of key actors, including warring factions, political figures, international intervenors and non-governmental peacemakers (both national and international).
http://www.c-r.org/accord/lib/accord1/actors.shtml (1253)

Danish Institute for International Studies: "The International Dimensions of Internal Conflict: The case of Liberia and West Africa"
This working paper by Emmanuel Kwesi Aning seeks to analyse the Liberian crisis not only from the domestic dimension, but also from a regional perspective. Additionally, this report to explores the disparate motivations for neighbouring states' involvement in this crisis.
http://www.cdr.dk/working_papers/wp-97-4.htm (1254)

Economist Intelligence Unit
The Economist Intelligence Unit is the business information arm of The Economist Group, publisher of The Economist. It is a leading research and advisory firm which provides country, industry and management analysis. This EIU section is an online store where publications on Liberia can be purchased via a subscription or downloaded for a fee. The Liberia section includes the following categories: business, economy and politics.
http://store.eiu.com ........ (1255)

Freedom House
This 'Freedom in the World' report from 2003 provides information on political rights and civil liberties in Liberia, an overview of the events, as well as reports from previous years and useful links.
http://www.freedomhouse.org/research/freeworld/2003/countryratings/liberia.htm (1256)

International Crisis Group: "Liberia - the Key to Ending Regional Instability"
This 2002 report states that Liberia "remains a wellspring for continued conflict" in West Africa, and it is therefore imperative to find ways to peace in the nation. It also gives recommendations to the governments of the U.S, France, Nigeria and the UK, to the United Nations Security Council, to international donors, and to civil society and opposition groups.
http://www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm?id=1533&l=1 (1257)

International Peace Academy: "The Role of Civil Society in National Reconciliation and Peacebuilding in Liberia"
A report by Augustine Youre from 2002 which includes an overview of the conflict, the civil society in Liberia, government created institutions, strategies for peacebuilding and many other topics.
http://www.ipacademy.org/PDF_Reports/REPORT_CIVIL_SOCIETY.pdf (1258)

Project Ploughshares: Armed Conflict Report 2004
This report for the year 2004, states the parties to the conflict, the number of casualties during the year, political development, background and economic factors.
http://www.ploughshares.ca/content/ACR/ACRBriefs/ACR-LiberiaBrief.html (1259)

United Nations: Statement - Liberian Reconstruction Conference
This statement was made before the conference held in New York, February 2004, listing the opening statements by the participants and reports from the Secretary-General’s Special Representatives.
http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2004/AFR827.p2.doc.htm (1260)

United Nations Security Council: Resolutions
A list of the adopted UN resolutions in Liberia during 2004:
Resolution 1532 (March)
Resolution 1549 (June)
Resolution 1561 (September)
Resolution 1579 (December)
http://www.un.org/Docs/sc/unsc_resolutions04.html (1261)

United Nations Security Council: Secretary-General's Reports
This site contains the newest reports from the Secretary-General and the Security Council on the situation in the world, including peacekeeping operations in Liberia.
http://www.un.org/Docs/sc/sgrep05.htm (1262)

UNHCR: "Liberia: Civil War and Regional Conflict"
This 2003 report by independent analyst Thomas S. Camara decribes the governance and security since 1997, LURD and MODEL rebel activities, the situation of the refugees and a conclusion with possible scenarios.
http://www.unhcr.ch ........ (1263)

UNMIL Documents Archive
Here are several UN documents listed, including resolutions, Secretary-General reports and Panel of Experts reports.
http://www.unmil.org/documents.asp?cat=documents (1264)

United States Institute of Peace: Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA)
This peace agreement between the Government of Liberia and the Liberians United for Reconcilation and Democracy (LURD) and the Movement for Democracy in Liberia (MODEL) and Political Parties was signed in Accra, August 18th 2003.
http://www.usip.org/library/pa/liberia/liberia_08182003_toc.html (1265)

World Vision: "Liberia: Still Waiting..."
This briefing paper from 2004 describes the situation in Liberia after the Accra Peace Accord signed in 2003 and gives recommendations on future actions in the country.
http://www.justice-and-peace.org ........ (1266)

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